A few weeks ago, the controller of budget’s office released the budget reports for the first quarter 2013/2014 for the counties. Also in the data sets, is the data from the final quarter of the financial year 2012/2013 (March – June), a few months after the elections.
Most counties collected revenue which are very low compared to the annual revenue targets from the
local sources. The Counties projected to collect about Ksh 67.4 billion in 2013/14 but were able to only
raise Ksh 4.4 billion which is just 6.5% of the target figure for the year. In an ideal scenario the Counties should be able to collect able 25% per quarter.
There are a number of reasons for this huge gap, first most counties set very ambitious figures
compared to what the local authorities used to collect previously. The other reason mentioned by
the controller of Budget was the fact that most counties took long to pass their Finance Bills which
authorizes them to collect revenue.
However, one thing that requires further probing is the fact that the Total revenue collected by all
counties has been dropping month after month for the seven months between March and September
These graphs compare the counties on three key aspects but the most interesting (click on the button to see results) is the % of revenue target achieved vs the annual revenue target for a particular county. The annualized figure (*4) shows you how much the counties would make if the figures remained constant at the end of the financial year.
While some counties look like they will reach their target revenue collection, some of the counties were too ambitious hence counties like Kakamega were only able to achieve 1.1 % of their target revenue collection.
Let the graphs do the talking, click away
The following infographic shows the total revenue collected by all the counties starting the closing quarter of financial year 2012/13 and starting quarter of financial year 2013/14. It is clear to see that there has been a great decline in revenues collected which means that the target revenue collection will not be reached if the trend continues.
“People often say that motivation doesn’t last. Well, neither does bathing – that’s why we recommend it daily.” – Zig Ziglar
Over the last week, I have taken some time to analyze the Kenya National Anthem that was written to celebrate our independence in 1963 and there after, like many other countries showing what we stand for.
The national Anthem is sang at every official event, Mondays and Fridays in schools, during movie showings etc. It is the first song I Jam to when playing my saxophone.
We are creatures of habit, we are what we repeatedly do, say, eat etc.So let us analyze the national anthem and what it says about us:
O God of all creation
Bless this our land and nation
Justice be our shield and defender
May we dwell in unity
Peace and liberty
Plenty be found within our borders.
The first stanza, which is what most Kenyans know by heart is a prayer. Well, the entire anthem is a prayer but this particular stanza calls upon God. Its an ask, it says little about us doing but a lot more about ‘expecting.’ It is a little crazy that I even want to relate this stanza to the mushrooming of churches and religion in Kenya? Our liking for always calling on the government and in very few cases exercising our ability to create solutions?.. Then next two stanzas will explain this analogy.
Let one and all arise
With hearts both strong and true
Service be our earnest endeavor
And our homeland of Kenya
Heritage of splendor
Firm may we stand to defend
The second stanza calls on us, Kenyans to arise, to be brave and to defend our nation. It calls on us to go into action. It calls on us, it is not us calling on 3rd party help, its calling us! Now how many people do you know that remember this stanza? How many events have you attended that have gone as far as the second stanza? Could this be the reason why a lot of Kenyans are so lag when it comes to security issues? When asked to report any suspicious behavior, when it comes to protecting our fellow citizens.
Let all with one accord
In common bond united
Build this our nation together
And the glory of Kenya
The fruit of our labor
Fill every heart with thanksgiving.
By now, if one does not know the second stanza, they have probably never heard of the third stanza. If you were at an event that the second stanza was not played, chances are, they never played the third stanza.
This reminds me that even at presidential functions, the national anthem is played on instrumental and not very many people go beyond the 1st.
Let us all together, unite and build our nation, together, so that all our efforts may be rewarding to us. This is my one liner translation of this stanza. On the contrary, Kenya is quickly becoming an, ‘every one for themselves and God for us all’ kind of nation. We have seen the greed with which those in office have looted our country, the impatience with which the motorists rock the roads and break the rules. Every single day i come in contact with people, I have seen how everyone wants to do what fits them there and then but rarely for the common good.
This Anthem is asking us to, in addition to Seeking God, defend together. Brave together. Work together. Pull together. Build together. With one accord, for this our homeland. Does this reflect anything about you? So as you read this post, dear Kenyan, ask yourself, in your actions, does any knowledge (or lack of it) of the National Anthem directly affect your behavior?
Millennium Development under five milestones, Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Rwanda.
MDG 4: Reduce by two-thirds, between 1990 and 2015, the under-five mortality rate.
Compared to her neighbours, Kenya’s annual rate of reduction Under five deaths in children is much slower.
Over the years, the death of children, under the age of five has reduced three times faster than Kenya’s, while that of Tanzania’s is four times faster than Kenya.
All these countries had high numbers of under five deaths in 1990 compared to Kenya, when the journey to the millennium development goals Began.
Ethiopia has already met its mortality rate target of 68, while Tanzania, Rwanda and Uganda are closing in on the gap.
According Child Mortality Report 2013, Kenya is likely to miss the targets of all the MDGs as policies due to laxity in implementation.
How countries are feted in reducing number of under-five deaths per 100,000 live births.
Post by: Trudy Mbaluku
An Interesting trend that i have noticed in the inequalities data, that is really a no-brainer to anyone looking at the data is that one that draws the direct relation between poverty and access to education.
Below, I examine the richest and poorest counties and the ones with the most and least access to education beyond secondary school level..
My conclusion in this case then becomes that to fight poverty, what we need is education, educate the people, help them help themselves!
Looking at poverty data is always interesting. Sometimes it raises more questions than answers but it also often raises awareness of the situation, as you dig deeper. Below, I will compare data for poverty rates from 2006 and 2009 to see who the ‘winners’ and ‘losers’ of the fight against poverty are, while others chose to maintain the status quo.
Unlike the list of bottom performers, the top 10 performers’ list is quite dynamic with only 4 regions maintaining their presence in the list of top 10, half the number in the bottom 10.
Yesterday i was driving my father to the hospital and as we went by some people, he turned to me and said, “now I understand what they mean when they say ‘What about the common mwananchi..’ It is very clear to see the poverty in Nairobi than it is in the rural areas where people have more options but choose to be lazy.”
Now, this conversation with my dad is a blog i am working on as I spent a whole day picking his brain and enjoying his side of things, i am sure you will like it too, when you see it. This conversation reminded me of the “Exploring Kenya’s Inequalities” survey that was released a couple of months ago by KNBS and SID. I have been digging through it and decided to share some of the visuals I find interesting while keeping in mind @BigDataBorat’s tweet that said “Data Scientist (n): A machine for turning data you don’t have into infographics you don’t care about.”
Poverty in this report is measured using estimated consumption expenditures. The poverty line is a threshold below
which people are deemed poor. In 2005/06, the poverty line was estimated at KSh 1,562 and KSh 2,913 per
adult equivalent per month for rural and urban households respectively. Nationally, 45.2 percent of the population
lives below the poverty line (2009 estimates), down from 46 percent in 2005/06.
Bottom 10 counties (Poorest): Individuals below the poverty line:
Top 10 counties (Richest): Individuals below the poverty line:
Next is an interesting look at how the national cake is being eaten at constituency level. Who is getting the icing and who is stuck on the crumbs?
County distribution of medical practitioners as of 2012. Click a County to view the distribution.
1964: In the pre-independence patient fees are abolished. Government announces that all children can now be admitted to a hospital if sick. This is however a populists statement. out every 100 children born 170 will not turn five.
The health Investment between 1960 and 1990 were encouraging.
1967: The University of Nairobi, then East African University opens a medicine faculty to train health professionals. There is a steady drop from 157 to 98 per 1000 live births.
1973: Within one decade Kenya managed to cut under-5-mortality by 20 percent. Impressive but 1 out of seven children still do not live to their 5th birthday.
1980: During the first 17 years of independence Kenya has managed to cut under-five mortality by 40 percent, an impressive achievement, considering that the average decline in sub-Saharan Africa during this period was half of Kenya’s.
1997: During the nineties Kenya is hard hit by HIV. Increasing poverty, food shortages and poor access to healthcare also affected the health of Kenyans. Under-5-mortality increases to 133 deaths per 1,000 live births, the highest in two decades.
1998: The rate shyly drops to 112 deaths per 1000 live births. Despite the threat of the HIV epidemic to reverse 30 years of progress in reducing child mortality in sub Saharan Africa, little attention is given to family planning on of the contributors in child health.
2003: According to kenya Demographic Health Survey, under-five mortality increase further to 114 in the year 2003. This is attributed to increasing poverty. Other factor may be a decline in per capita, in availability of food, deteriorating quality of and poor access to health services due to introduction of user fees, increased HIV infections and a limited budget allocations to the health sector.
2006: Anti retroviral drugs are now available free of charge. Donor attention is geared towards maternal and child health as a way of combating the spread of HIV. Under-5-mortality is steadily declining again.
2011: With four years left it is clear that Kenya will not meet the millennium development goal on child mortality. Under-5-mortality stands at 73 deaths to 1,000 live births, more than twice the goal of 33. Birth complications, pneumonia, diarrhea and HIV are still the leading causes of deaths of infants.